Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Salwar Kameez

 Salwar Kameez

The salwar kameez is an outfit that mainly originated in Punjab. The bottoms, known as a salwar, are similar to a loose pajama or pants and the top, which is known as a kameez is a tunic style top. The outfit is generally paired with a chunni or dupatta which is similar to a head scarf. Made with a wide range of fabrics, and featuring a plethora of different embroideries and motifs, the salwar kameez as an ethnic outfit is high on style as well as comfort and convenience.


Among the many lower garments worn in India, churidar, salwar and pyjama are popular choices. These traditional outfits are favorites across the country due to the comfort and flexibility they offer. Moreover, they can be found in a beautiful and rich and range of designs, which makes it suitable for women of ages, shapes and sizes.

The Salwar Kameezis a tight fitted trouser worn by men and women alike. The Salwar Kameez length is usually much longer than the legs; however, this is part of the Salwar Kameez style as the excess cloth stacks up like bangles or Salwar Kameez around the ankle. The Salwar Kameez  is fastened by drawstrings traditionally. The two basic styles of the Salwar Kameez are Aligarhi (straight fit) and the Lucknawi (gathered fit). With emerging trends the Salwar Kameez has been transformed into leggings in a stretch variety with an elasticized band instead of drawstrings.

Research says that the silhouette of the costumes worn by Iranian and Turkish men i.e. loose trousers that narrowed down at the bottom and fastened at the waist was the precursor of the modern day salwar, also known as shalwar. The Mughal invasion in the 12th century imported the style of the salwar kameez and popularized it. The salwar kameez went on to become the symbol of Punjabi fashion. A synthesis of Persian and Indian styles, the salwar kameez has transformed a lot over the years but has still retained its charm.

The Patiala salwar originated in Punjab and is more voluminous than the regular salwar, because of the pleats. A salwar with a kameez  is the perfect everyday attire as well as for special and formal occasions.

The top paired with the  salwar is known as the kurta and it comes in a plethora of designs such as mandarin collars or V necks, square necks, frock-style, anarkali and many more.

Made in a wide range of fabrics such as Georgette, brocade, chiffon, net, cotton, silk, satin, and more. The salwar kameez has lent itself over the years to changing cuts, needs, tastes and trends more than any other outfit. It has also been hugely inspired by the mainstream Indian film industry.


Salwars are available in a wide range of silks like chiffon silk, dupion silk, satin silk, crepe silk, tussar silk and paper silk. The salwar kameez has imbibed many styles of embroidery such as Jaipuri Bhandej, Lucknowi Chikankari, Punjabi Phulkari, Zardozi, beaded sequins, mirror work and block printing to name a few. The range in salwar styles includes Parallel Salwar Suits, Patiala Style Salwar Suits, Sharara Salwar Suits, Indo-Western Kurta with Leggings.


Salwar kameez and churidar suits can be worn throughout the year, on special occasions as well as regular days. The only thing to keep in mind is to purchase a salwar kameez outfit that suits the season and is appropriate for the occasion in terms of embellishments, cuts, silhouettes and accessories.


The upkeep of salwar kameez depends on the fabric. Cotton outfits can be washed at home but silk and chiffon with detailed embroidery or stone work should be given for dry cleaning.

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