Tuesday, October 27, 2020

Uppada Jamdani Sarees


Uppada jamdani sarees are diaphanous silk saree that trace its origin to Uppada in Andhra Pradesh. Jamdani itself is a hand woven fabric that is also known as muslin. The word itself roughly translates to flower vase (which ‘jam’ meaning flower and ‘dani’, vase). The name comes from a Persian origin. It is also said that this technique of weaving has Bengali roots.




Origin and History of Uppada Jamdani Sarees

Historically speaking, Jamdani as a technique was first written about in Kautaliya’s Arthashastra. This book dates back to the 3rd century and is essentially a book about ancient economics.It slowly seeped into India as trade between the two began to flourish. Eventually, these were produced in Uppada in bulk.  The artisans in this region became quite adept at producing uppada jamdani sarees, leading to their popularity now.

The Making of Uppada Jamdani Sarees

Jamdani is created in a very interesting manner. Two weavers are required to sit in a pit loom and work in tandem to make this fabric. 

The weft and warp threads that are needed for the background are passed from one weaver to the other. Then, the designs that need to be added are weaved in and added, the way embroidery is usually done.

The length count of threads is 100 and the breadth count is 100 in the weaving process of Uppada Silk sarees.

The average price range of Uppada Silk sarees is between Rs. 5000/- and Rs. 20000/-.

Style and Variety

When it comes to the styles of Jamdani, there are two main types:

Butidar

In this style, floral patterns are created throughout the body of the fabric.

Tercha

In this style, the floral motifs are created diagonally across the body of the fabric. In terms of the floral network, it is referred to as “Jhalar”

Wearing the Attire

Given the cost of the sarees, Uppada Silk sarees are used mainly during occasions of weddings, festivals and formal gatherings.

They are usually light in weight, and can be worn quite comfortably throughout the year.

Maintenance

The recommendation for Uppada Silk sarees is that for the first time, only dry cleaning should be done. The second time onwards, a mild detergent can be used. They should never be dried under direct sunlight.
















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