Tuesday, November 24, 2020

Organza Shirt

Organza Shirt   

Organza is a light sheer fabric that was originally made from silk. The modernized version of the fabric however, can be created not only with silk but also polyester or nylon, or even a blend of the three. While the look and feel is similar to silk, it is a lot thinner and is made of a plain weave. Organza is also known for being a lightweight material as well as being a crisp and stiff fabric, making it ideal for evening wear, wedding gowns, costumes and underskirts. Besides fashion, organza also finds use in home décor and interior designing.

History and Evolution of the Fabric

Organza has been derived from another material that was known as Organzine, which was made from strong fibers of silk that were twisted into strands. The word Organza came first into use during the Middle Ages and was first integrated into the French and Italian languages as the words organsin and organzano, respectively. This was named after the town of Urgang in Turkestan which has one of the most famous silk markets at the time where this fabric was sold.

Although it was originally made of silk, the need for creating a fabric with greater tensile strength but the same gossamer look resulted in the use of nylon and polyester threads, either completely or partially in the creation. Nowadays, different appeals can be created by modifying the weave of the filaments.

The Making

Traditionally made from yarn, Organza is created by tightly twisting separate yarns and then weaving them to provide texture and sheen to the material. The yarn is first combed and then treated with acid to add crispness. Even though the material is stiffer than most, it isn’t rough and doesn’t fray easily.

In order to create a garment from organza, either fully or partially, there are certain defining factors such as seam appearance, seam pucker and seam stiffness that need to be incorporated. These can easily be altered by using different pressing machines (like metal or plastic) and the weight of the fabric.

Majorly, the manufacturing of the organza fabric is concentrated in China, France, Italy, United States and Bangalore in India. While China exclusively manufactures silk Organza, the other key producers manufacture Organza blends with either synthetic fabrics or even natural fibers like cotton.

Style and Variety

Broadly however, modern day production of Organza can be categorized as semi-synthetic or fully synthetic. Semi synthetic Organza is created with a blend of silk and nylon or polyester. Fully synthetic Organza on the other hand is made purely of synthetic fibers of either nylon or polyester. The production of both these synthetic varieties is cheaper than pure Organza or silk organza, and is also more affordable at the time of purchase. They are also more durable than Silk Organza.



 

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