Saturday, November 7, 2020

Pat Silk Sari

Pat Silk Sari 

Pat Silk (also known as Paat Silk) originates from Assam –  where silk producing industry is established for three major silks of the east – Muga Silk, Pat Silk and Eri Silk. Usually comes in brilliant white or off-white shades, Pat Silk fabric is derived from Mulberry Silkworms and is known for its distinctive brightness, high quality and durable nature, hence also known as Mulberry Silk.


In India, the major mulberry silk producing states are Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Jammu & Kashmir which together accounts for 92 % of country's total mulberry raw silk production. Karnataka produces 9,000 metric tons of mulberry silk of a total of 14,000 metric tons produced in the country, thus contributing to nearly 70% of the country's total mulberry silk. In Karnataka, silk is mainly grown in the Mysore district. The mulberry silk produce in Karnataka is called Mysore silk and Pat silk is the mulberry silk produce in Assam.

The Making of Pat Silk

Pat Silk is produced from Silkworms that are grown on mulberry bushes and hence the Silk is also known as Mulberry Silk. The fabric is primarily used for local consumption. However, the sericulture and Silk weaving community of commercial weavers buy 25 thousand kilograms of twisted mulberry Silk from the southern state of Karnataka in order to produce Pat sarees for clients outside Assam and abroad. Although the Mulberry Silk is light in weight and appears to be delicate, it is very durable in nature.

Style & Variety

In Assam, Pat is mainly used to make traditional dresses such as Mekhela Chador ( a wedding attire of the east), Dhoti and Saree wrapper. Hence, another limiting factor is the fact that the Pat handloom products have a very limited range as the industry has not adopted contemporary styles and apparel.

Wearing the Attire

Pat Silk is mainly used in Assam for creating the wedding attire called Mekhela Chador which is a two-piece garment in cream or white that is embellished with silver and gold threads. However, Pat sarees in vibrant colors are also very commonly worn in Assam.

With the upcoming options of scarves and jackets for giving a traditional look to any western outfit, there would be more Pat Silk accessory options in due course of time that would render Pat to be a popular fabric amongst the present generation.


Pat Silk is very durable, although on the outlook it might seem very delicate and lightweight. However, as is the case with most Silks, Pat sarees or any garment made out of Pat Silk should be dry cleaned and kept wrapped in a cloth. It should be taken out from time to time to check for any damage.

Interesting Facts and Comparisons

Pat Silk is also known as Mulberry Silk.

Due to thousands of years of being in captive breeding, mulberry worms cannot survive without human care and feeding.

178 pounds of cocoons reared in one acre of land eventually translates into 35 pounds of Pat Silk.

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