Friday, February 12, 2021

Kundan Jewelry

Kundan Jewelry  

Kundan jewelry with its intricately crafted designs has forever fascinated fashion-enthusiasts globally. The word Kundan means ‘highly refined gold’, and as such the quality of gold used to create Kundan jewelry is of high purity. This type of jewelry was once worn by the Mughal royalty and the designs from that era are still a hot favorite, due to their elegant and rich appearance. Contrary to popular belief, Kundan refers to the purity of the gold and not to the stones. It is often confused with Polki work. A tribute to Indian ethnicity, Kundan transforms Indian attire and enhances a woman’s festive or ceremonial look greatly.

Kundan jewelry is probably the oldest form of jewelry craft in India, brought to the country and flourishing under the patronage of Mughals. The craft was then successfully adapted by the royal families in Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Meena Kundan, is a variation that has enameling done with vivid colors and patterns on the reverse and Kundan detailing on the front of the piece. In this old art form, the gem stones are set with gold foil between the stones and its mount.

Kundan jewelry usually has more detailed and intricate designs. Precious and semi-precious stones like diamonds, emeralds, sapphires, rubies and topaz, are used. It was later on copied in silver metal at places like Rajasthan, Punjab and Bihar and became available to the common man too.

Traditionally Kundan jewelry is created and sold in matching sets, the designs being extremely detailed. The set comprises of a necklace, earrings and bangles. Nowadays though, individual pieces can be bought separately as well. Besides ornate jewelry sets, waist belts, jewelry cases, toe rings, nose rings, anklets, hair ornaments, maang tikkas, pendants, and armbands are also popular.


White Gold Jewelry

White Gold Jewelry  

White gold is an alloy comprising gold and at least one white metal. This alloy is then plated with a hard element called ‘rhodium’, which may wear off with time. The jewelry can be plated again to restore its white sheen. White gold jewelry or utensils may comprise varying amounts of pure gold in it. White gold is often considered an alternative to yellow gold, silver or platinum, because of its comparatively lower price. Some metals commonly used to make white gold include platinum, nickel, palladium & manganese. The properties of this alloy, besides its color, depend on its chemical make-up, or composition. Also, without the rhodium coating, ‘white gold’ may appear pale pink or dull brown in color.

White gold is available in 14 carats, 18 carats or 21 carats depending on the kind of jewelry being made. High-carat white gold alloys are far more resistant to corrosion than pure silver or sterling silver. Fourteen and eighteen-carat gold alloys with silver appear greenish-yellow and are referred to as green gold. There are different formulas today for making white gold whiter and brighter. It may be 75% of Gold containing 17.3% Nickel, 5.5% Zinc and 2.2% Copper is silvery in appearance. Another combination is 75% Gold, 15% Silver and 10% Titanium.


Thursday, February 11, 2021

Diamonds jewelry

Diamonds jewelry 

Diamonds are indeed a girls’ best friend. Carrying forward this beautiful affair between women and diamonds is the polki variety of traditional diamond jewelry. Uncut diamonds are used to carve this beauty and therefore it comes at a rather inexpensive rate. One can see the raw beauty and color of diamonds in this jewelry form which is otherwise ruptured by the shine of cut diamonds. The uncut diamonds along with other precious and imitation gemstones fit perfectly to create the raw beauty of Polki jewelry.

Polki is an art form that came alive during the Mughal Era, and is more than a thousand years old. It evolved as a specialty of designing traditional jewelry out of uncut diamonds. This art was a specialty of Bikaner which later traveled to different parts of the country. Polki jewelry comes in different hues.

The overall inherent style of the Polki jewelry is traditional and cultural. Over the last several years however, this form of jewelry has evolved in many different ways which sets them apart from many handicrafts in India.

The modern day innovations involve more than just an un-cut technique, which has made it popular in the country and beyond. There has been an inclusion of rubies, emeralds, and pearls which have enhanced the overall look of polka jewelry.

Most suited for bridal and traditional wear, the colors and forms of this jewelry make the trousseau attractive and appealing to one and all. Apart from weddings and religious occasions, Polki is also a great gifting item regardless of the occasion.


Platinum Jewelry

Platinum Jewelry  

Platinum is known as the “King of Metals” and rightfully so. It is a heavy metal and is almost twice in weight compared to gold and also has the properties of silver, which makes it very ductile. Not only is it very malleable, but  is equally strong and durable. Platinum is the most precious metal used in jewelry and when combined with small quantities of ruthenium and iridium provide stronger alloys with up to 95% purity. The platinum family has six metals comprising of: platinum, palladium, iridium, osmium, rhodium and ruthenium. Diamonds jewelry when set in platinum provide a beautiful ensemble as the whiteness of the metal brings out the natural brilliance of the diamond. It is fast catching on as a raging trend in India owing to its various qualities and sheer finishing. Because of its purity, platinum jewelry is termed as hypo allergic as it suits people suffering from allergies or sensitivity to metals.

Platinum is originally said to have been discovered from alluvial deposits at the end of Rio Pinto in Columbia. The name ‘platinum’ stems from the name given to the metal by the Spaniards who termed it ‘Platina del Pinto’ as it resembled silver. Platinum is more popularly used in jewelry in the West since centuries by royalty. In fact, a lot of timeless platinum designs have been crafted by eminent jewelers like Tiffany, Cartier and Faberge. The most famous diamonds in the world – Kohinoor, and Hope are also set in platinum.


Silver Jewelry

Silver Jewelry 

Silver jewelry, along with gold jewelry, is quite popular amongst Indian women. Ornaments made of silver, such as rings, bracelets, chains, necklaces, nose rings, earrings, toe rings, heavy kadas, and armlets, form integral part of Indian jewelry. Whereas gold jewelry has been the most popular among Indian women since ages, silver jewelry is not far behind in popularity. Apart from cities, it finds solace in the rural areas and tribal areas of the country as well. In fact, silver jewelry forms an integral part of the attire and dress of tribal people.

Women in rural areas and tribal areas wear heavy silver jewelry. These heavy jewelries are meant for financial security during contingency, apart from being a source of adornment. The practice of making new jewelry by melting old silver jewelry is still practiced in major parts of India, but recently this trend has been reversed. Old silver jewelry is in demand and fashion now. Oxidized silver jewelry with traditional designs that gives old and rough look, is quite popular these days.


Gold Jewellery

Gold Jewellery  

It’s no secret that the relationship between gold and Indians is a revered one. Whether it’s the use of color in the fabrics or the precious metal itself, Indians have considered gold as the metal of Gods and royalty. For Indians, gold is one of the most auspicious colors and is not just an exquisite metal. The significance of gold has been woven into the Indian beliefs which is reflected in the religious books as well. The sentimental value of Indians towards gold is seen when Indians offer gold jewellery to new brides and new-born babies while golden chunnis and other attires are offered to Gods and Goddesses during religious festivities.

It is traditionally worn on auspicious occasions and festivals as it brings good luck.  The jewelry is traditionally crafted in gold; however, being the latest trend, this jewelry is now made in metal and polished with gold making it highly affordable. Jewelry such as necklaces, pendants, belts and bangles are extremely in demand amongst the women. The most popular pendant design is that of Lord Ganesh and Goddess Laxmi. In fact, the unique design has made it a popular buy amongst foreigners as well.